TYPES OF GAMELAN
1.Balinese Gamelan- A gamelan is an ensemble normally composed primarily of percussion. In
Knowledge of kotèkan can be extremely valuable. These interlocking rhythms have a unique way of bringing people together in cooperation towards a common goal, and there are many creative possibilities for applying them to contemporary music.
2. Javanese gamelan- is more traditional and suited to palaces and temples, it is a gentler and lower pitched style of gamelan that accommodates vocalists and rhythmic patterns.
1. Saron- A glockenspiel with bronze bar struck with wooden mallet. There are threekinds; Saron Barung, Saron Peking, Saron Demung.
2. The Demung-The demung is the largest and lowest of the saron. It is played with a hammer with a wooden head.
3. The saron (also known as saron barung)- is somewhat smaller than the demung. Its bars sound an octave higher than those of the demung.
Peking- The peking (also known as the saron panerus) is small and plays high notes (an octave higher than the saron). When playing the peking, one uses a hammer made from an animal horn. The peking usually playes an elaboration on the basic melody.
Saron DemungSaron BarungSaron Peking
- Gender Panembung/Slenthem -. A seven bar bass Gender played with one padded disk shaped mallet.
- Gender Panerus - One octave higher than Gender Barung.
- Gender Barung - The primary bar instrument of the Javanese ensemble. Standard pelog/slendro gamelan have three gender barung, one in slendro, one in standard pelog, and another in pelog barang, replacing pitch one with pitch seven. Gender Barung is played with two padded disk shaped mallets.
gong ageng (Kromo Javanese meaning large gong, ngoko is gong gedhe) is the largest gong in a Javanese and Balinese gamelan. It is used as to mark the largest phrases in the structure. In small structures, the gong ageng is used to mark larger groups than the smaller gong suwukan. In the larger gendhing, only the gong ageng is used.
---- gong ageng
The angklung ensemble features a large number of small metallophones in different sizes, each with only four keys. Because the instruments are light-weight, the angklung is most frequently heard in processions, with the musicians carrying their instruments. The most common ceremonial function is the funeral procession to the cremation grounds.